Undergraduate Course Descriptions

This roster lists undergraduate-level courses in the Department of Sociology, with prerequisites and brief descriptions, and units of credit shown within parentheses.

The designation "SOC" identifies courses in the Department of Sociology.

Lower Division: SOC 1 - 99

SOC 1. Introduction to Sociology (5)

Lecture — 4 hours; discussion — 1 hour.
Principles and basic concepts of sociology. The study of groups, culture, collective behavior, classes and caste, community and ecology, role, status and personality.
GE credit: SocSci | ACGH, DD, SS.

SOC 2. Self and Society (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour.
Principles and basic concepts of sociological social psychology. Includes the study of the character of the self, identity, roles, socialization, identity change, emotion and social interaction.
GE credit: SocSci, Wrt | ACGH, DD, SS.

SOC 3. Social Problems (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour.
General sociological consideration of contemporary social problems in relation to sociocultural change and programs for improvement.
GE credit: SocSci, Wrt | ACGH, DD, SS.

SOC 4. Immigration and Opportunity (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper.
Social and demographic analysis of immigration: motives and experiences of immigrants; immigration and social mobility; immigration, assimilation, and social change; multicultural societies. Detailed study of immigration into the U.S., with comparative studies of Europe, Australia and other host countries.
GE credit: SocSci, Div, Wrt | ACGH, DD, SS, WC.

SOC 5. Global Social Change: An Introduction to Macrosociology (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour.
An introduction to change and diversity in world history, including the United States. Examines population and family, technological change and economic development, power and status, culture and identity.
GE credit: SocSci, Div, Wrt | ACGH, SS, WC.

SOC 11. Sociology of Labor and Employment (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour.
Labor and employment issues in the contemporary United States with some use of historical and comparative materials. Topics will include strategies pursued by employers and employees, labor market discrimination and the role of social policies in shaping labor markets.
GE credit: SocSci, Wrt | SS.

SOC 25. Sociology of Popular Culture (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour.
Social mechanisms that shape modern popular culture. High, folk and mass culture: historical emergence of popular culture. Mass media, commercialization, ideology and cultural styles. Theories and methods for analyzing cultural expressions in pop music, street art, film, television and advertising.
GE credit: SocSci, Wrt | SS, VL.

SOC 30A. Intercultural Relations in Multicultural Societies (3)

Lecture — 1.5 hours; discussion — 1.5 hours.
Macrostructural analysis of contemporary multicultural societies; immigration and assimilation in comparative perspective; social construction of racial and ethnic group identities; ethnicity and gender; group conflict and cooperation; controversies surrounding multiculturalism. First course in a two-course Multicultural Immersion Program.
GE credit: SocSci, Div | ACGH, DD, SS.

SOC 30B. Intercultural Relations in Multicultural Societies (3)

Lecture — 1.5 hours; discussion — 1.5 hours.
Prerequisite: course 30A or consent of instructor. Social-psychological analysis of personal experiences living in a multicultural society; conforming to or rejecting group identity or stereotypes; managing and reducing conflict; cross-cultural communication; promises and problems of diversity at UC Davis. Second course in a two-course Multicultural Immersion Program.
GE credit: SocSci, Div | ACGH, DD, SS.

SOC 46A. Introduction to Social Research (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour; term paper.
Examination of the methodological problems of social research. Selection and definition of problems of investigation, data-gathering techniques, and sampling.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 46B. Introduction to Social Research (5)

Lecture — 4 hours; discussion — 1 hour.
Data-analysis techniques, measurement, scaling, multivariate analysis, and quantitative measures of association.
GE credit: SocSci | QL, SS. — II. (II.)

SOC 90X. Lower-Division Seminar (1–2)

Seminar — 1-2 hours. Prerequisite: lower-division standing and consent of instructor.
Examination of a special topic in sociology through shared readings, discussions, written assignments, or special activities such as fieldwork, laboratory work, etc. May not be repeated for credit. Limited enrollment.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 98. Directed Group Study (1–5)

Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Primarily intended for lower-division students.
Courses are set up on a one-time basis for a group of students in a subject for which no regular courses have been established.
(P/NP grading only.)

SOC 99. Special Study for Undergraduates (1–5)

Prerequisite: consent of instructor.
Provides a student with the opportunity to do special projects, research or assignments under the supervision of a sociology professor. Individual study projects are developed in consultation with a faculty member.
(P/NP grading only.)

Upper Division: SOC 100 - 139

SOC 100. Origins of Modern Sociological Theory (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper or discussion — 1 hour. Prerequisite: course 1; consent of instructor; restricted to upper-division standing.
The origins of modern sociological thought. Special emphasis on three major theorists from the classical tradition of nineteenth century European social thought: Karl Marx, Max Weber and Emile Durkheim.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 102. Society and Culture of California (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper or discussion — 1 hour. Prerequisite: introductory course in Sociology recommended.
California’s distinctive society and culture; sociological analyses of topical issues concerning diversity, environment, cities.
GE credit: SocSci | ACGH, DD, SS.

SOC 103. Evaluation Research Methods (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour; term paper; project. Prerequisite: course 46A and 46B, or Statistics 13 or the equivalent.
Surveys applications of research methods to the evaluation of social programs, primarily emphasizing methodological issues, e.g., research design and data collection; uses of evaluation research are also discussed and placed in theoretical context. Participation in an evaluation project.
GE credit: SocSci | SL, SS.

SOC 104. The Political Economy of International Migration (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper or discussion — 1 hour. Prerequisite: upper-division standing.
Analysis of worldwide migration patterns, and social scientific theories of international and transnational migration. Focus in economical, political and social impact of immigration and potential for international and regional cooperation. (Same course as International Relations 104).
GE credit: SocSci | SS, WC.

SOC 106. Intermediate Social Statistics (5)

Lecture — 4 hours; discussion — 1 hour. Prerequisite: course 46B or Statistics 13 or the equivalent.
Intermediate level course in statistical analysis of social data, emphasizing the logic and use of statistical measures, procedures, and mathematical models especially relevant to sociological analysis.
GE credit: SocSci | QL, SL, SS.

SOC 118. Political Sociology (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour; term paper; project.
Theoretical tools for understanding and analyzing politics, including such topics as power, the state, civic engagement, public policy and social movement.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 120. Deviance (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper or discussion.
Social structural sources, institutional practices and microprocesses associated with illegality, evil, disease, immorality, disability, racial and class differences, citizenship, and the body. Special emphasis on expert knowledge and the production and management of social difference.
GE credit: SocSci, Wrt | SS.

SOC 122. Sociology of Adolescence (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper or research project.
Chronological age and social status; analysis of social processes bearing upon the socialization of children and adolescents. The emergence of "youth cultures." Generational succession as a cultural problem.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 123. American Society (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper or research project.
The demographic and social structure of American society and population, with emphasis on ethnic and class groups as bases for political and economic interest. Attention to selected current social controversies.
GE credit: ACGH, DD, SS.

SOC 124. Education and Inequality in the U.S. (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper or discussion — 1 hour.
Functions of schooling in contemporary U.S. society. Racial, ethnic, social class, and gender inequalities in student outcomes. Consideration of classic and current controversies in the sociology of education and education policy.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 125. Sociology of Culture (4)

Lecture/discussion — 3 hours; term paper.
Sociological approaches to study of historical and contemporary culture and mass media, and their structuring in relation to social actors, institutions, stratification, power, the production of culture, audiences, and the significance of culture in the processes of change.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 126. Social Interaction (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper or discussion — 1 hour. Prerequisite: course 2.
Everyday interaction in natural settings; ethnographic approaches to the understanding of social meanings, situations, personal identity and human relationships. Particular attention to the work of Erving Goffman and to principles of field observation and qualitative analysis.
GE credit: SocSci, Wrt | SS.

SOC 127. Sociology of Death (4)

Lecture — 3 hours. Prerequisite: course 1 or the equivalent.
Overview of attitudes toward, structural effects of, and methods of coping with death and death-related behaviors. Particular attention to social psychological aspects of death and dying, to death occupations, and to death rituals in various cultures.
GE credit: SocSci, Wrt | SS.

SOC 128. Interracial Interpersonal Dynamics (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper or discussion — 1 hour. Prerequisite: one course from courses 1, 2, 3, Afro-American Studies 10, Asian American Studies 1, 2, Chicano Studies 10, Native American Studies 1, 20.
Analysis of the influences of cultural differences and racial stratification on interpersonal interaction in instrumental settings (e.g., work, education, political action) and intimate settings (e.g., friendship, love, marriage, family). Minority/majority relationships.
GE credit: SocSci, Div, Wrt | SS.

SOC 129. Sociology of Black Experience in America (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour; term paper; project.
Survey of historical and contemporary theoretical sociological perspectives on the Black experience in United States. Emphasis on comparisons of Black sociological perspectives and mainstream perspectives of specific sociologists.
GE credit: SocSci, Div | ACGH, DD, SS.

SOC 130. Race Relations (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper or discussion — 1 hour.
Functions of the social definitions of race and racial groups. Analysis of racial conflict, oppression, and other forms of ethnic stratification. Models of ethnic interaction and social change. Emphasis on racial relationships within the U.S.
GE credit: SocSci, Div | ACGH, DD, SS.

SOC 131. The Family (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour.
Contemporary family life in historical and cross-cultural perspective. How different family forms arose, their significance today and prospects for further family change. Attention to power relations within and beyond the family and to the social implications of family transformation.
GE credit: SocSci, Div, Wrt | ACGH, DD, SS.

SOC 132. The Sociology of Gender (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour.
Analysis of biological, psychological, cultural and structural conditions underlying the status and roles of men and women in contemporary society, drawing on a historical and comparative perspective.
GE credit: SocSci, Div | ACGH, DD, SS.

SOC 133. Sexual Stratification and Politics (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour. Prerequisite: course 132 or the equivalent or consent of instructor.
Analysis of origins, dynamics, and social implications of sexual stratification. Examination of classical and contemporary theorists such as Engels, Freud, J.S. Mill, de Beauvoir, Juliet Mitchell, D. Dinnerstein. Attention to selected issues in social movements for and against sexual equality.
GE credit: SocSci, Div | SS.

SOC 134. Sociology of Racial Ethnic Families (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper.
Asian American, Black, Chicano, and Native American family life in comparative historical perspective. Family structure and gender roles are considered in relation to socio-historical dynamics. Offered in alternate years.
GE credit: SocSci, Div, Wrt | ACGH, DD, SS.

SOC 135. Social Relationships (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper. Prerequisite: course 1, 2 or 3, and upper-division standing.
Social and cultural factors influencing friendships and intimate relationships. Topics include relationship development, relationship maintenance, and relationship loss.
GE credit: Div, SocSci, Wrt | SS.

SOC 137. African American Society and Culture 1790–1990 (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper or discussion — 1 hour. Prerequisite: SOC 1.
Political and social transformations of African American communities between 1790 and 1990, as seen through film, literature, and music. Topics include: Black consciousness, Afro-Slave culture, the Harlem Renaissance, and contemporary hip-hop.
GE credit: SocSci | ACGH, DD, SS.

SOC 138. Economic Sociology (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour. Prerequisite: Economics 1A or 1B and upper-division standing in the social sciences.
Overview of the rapidly growing field of economic sociology. Focus on variations in the ways that markets are organized. The relationship between individual and collective rationality will also be emphasized.
GE credit: SocSci | ACGH, SS, WC.

SOC 139. Corporations and Society (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour; term paper. Prerequisite: course 1 or 2 or 3, and upper-division standing.
The study of the history and power of the modern corporation; corporate organization; politics, the state, and the corporation; labor unions and the labor process; competition, regulation and international markets; the multinational and conglomerate corporation; and mass markets and consumerism.
GE credit: SocSci | ACGH, SS.

Upper Division: SOC 140 - 161

SOC 140. Social Stratification (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper or research project (instructor's option).
Systems of social ranking, theories of stratification; power, prestige, culture, and styles of life of various social classes; social mobility and its consequences for social structure.
GE credit: SocSci | ACGH, DD, SS.

SOC 141. Industrialization and Social Change (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper or research project.
Selected technological and social factors. Preconditions of economic development and industrialization. Social, political, and cultural issues at various levels of economic development. Major historical differences and major current trends. Emphasis either on highly industrialized countries or on less developed countries.
GE credit: SocSci, Wrt | SS.

SOC 143A. Urban Society (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper or project (instructor's option). Prerequisite: course 1 or the equivalent.
Theories of city origins. Analysis of the historic process of urbanization and of varying city types. Comparison of American and European experience of metropolitanization, counterurbanization and neighborhood change. Consideration of competing theories of urban growth and change and competing visions of the urban future. Offered in alternate years.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 143B. Sociology of City Life (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper or project (instructor's option). Prerequisite: course 1 or the equivalent; SOC 143A recommended.
Critical dissection of the "loss of community" issue. Analysis of the organization of primary ties in the city, of the culture of urban public life and of the learning of city skills. Offered in alternate years.
GE credit: SocSci, Wrt | SS.

SOC 144. Agriculture and Society (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper or research project. Prerequisite: advanced standing in the social sciences or one year of course work in agricultural and environmental sciences.
Development of agriculture as a major enterprise in modern society with the concomitant reduction in the labor force and family farms. Analysis of issues including mechanization, migrant labor, corporate farming and public resource policy. Offered in alternate years.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 145A. Sociology of Third World Development (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour. Prerequisite: SOC 1; upper-division standing. Introduction to theories and contemporary issues in the sociology of development. Topics such as urbanization, rural-agrarian change, class, status groups, international division of labor, sectoral shifts, international capital, informal economy, gender and political processes are analyzed within a comparative-historical framework.
GE credit: SocSci, Div, Wrt | SS, WC.

SOC 145B. Gender and Rural Development in the Third World (4)

Seminar — 4 hours. Prerequisite: course 1; upper-division standing.
Political-economic analysis of women and work during the process of socioeconomic change in the world with particular attention to the family/household context. Offered in alternate years.
GE credit: SocSci, Div, Wrt | SS, WC.

SOC 146. Sociology of Religion (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper or research project.
Relationship between social structures and religions. The social setting of the major world religions. Religious innovators and institutionalization (churches, sects, cults). Secularization in the modern world and the rise of secular ideologies. Offered in alternate years.
GE credit: SocSci, Div, Wrt | SS.

SOC 147. Sociological Perspectives on East Asia (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper or research project.
Sociological theories and concepts applied toward understanding East Asian society. Emphasis on the political structure, stratification, and economy in China and Japan. Analysis of historical and contemporary similarities and differences. Offered in alternate years.
GE credit: SocSci | SS, WC.

SOC 148. Collective Behavior (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper or project (instructor's option). Prerequisite: course 1 or the equivalent.
Study of behavior of human crowds and masses in extraordinary circumstances, including crowd panics, mass scares, collective protests, riots, revolutionary situations, ecstatic and revivalist gatherings, crazes, fads, and fashions.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 149. Religion and American Society (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; class project.
Historical, contemporary survey of religious traditions and organizations and their relation to U.S. social and cultural patterns. Civil religion, religious pluralism, minority and deviant communities, religious migration, U.S. religion as a social institution, and religion, politics and social stratification. Offered in alternate years.
GE credit: SocSci, Div, Wrt | ACGH, DD, SS.

SOC 150. Criminology (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper or research project.
Sociological analysis of criminal behavior in relation to social structure and the criminalization process.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 151. The Criminal Justice System (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper or discussion — 1 hour. Prerequisite: course 150 and upper-division standing.
Sociological analysis of the different components of the criminal justice system, including the emergence and interpretation of criminal laws, the contemporary roles and functions of the police, criminal courts and correctional institutions.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 152. Juvenile Delinquency (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper or research project.
Study of juvenile delinquency in relation to the family, peer groups, community and institutional structures. Consideration of processing of the delinquent by formal agencies of control.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 153. The Sociology of Childhood (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper. Prerequisite: upper-division standing.
Contemporary childhood in historical, cross-cultural, and global perspectives. Examine changes in understanding of the nature of childhood and "best interests of the child" by class, race, gender, geographic region and historical period.
GE credit: SocSci | ACGH, DD, SS, WC.

SOC 154. Health and Illness (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper or discussion – 1 hour; project.
Theoretical tools for understanding the social determinants of health and health care, including such topics as health policy, social sources of illness, social construction of illness, medicalization, social disparities in health, and the illness experience.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 155. Sociology of Law (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper or research project.
Law considered as social control; relation of legal institutions to society as affecting judicial decision making and administration of justice. Lawyers as an occupational group. Legal reform.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 156. Social Movements (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper or project (instructor's option).
Analysis of several aspects of social movements: mobilization, forms of organization, ideology, recruitment, leadership, strategies and tactics, development, effects.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 157. Social Conflict (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper or project.
Analysis of the causes, dynamics, and regulation of social conflict within and between various kinds of social groupings with particular reference to nonviolent methods of waging and regulating conflict.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 158. Women's Social Movements in Latin America (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper. Restricted to upper-division standing.
Contemporary women's social movements in Latin America, focusing on Honduras, El Salvador, Brazil, and Nicaragua. Examination of exploitation and oppression in Latin America.
GE credit: SocSci | DD, SS, WC.

SOC 159. Work, Employment, and Careers in the 21st Century (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper or discussion — 1 hour. Pass One open to upper-division majors and graduate students.
Historical and contemporary overview of employment, work and occupations in American society. Study of authority and power relations, labor markets, control systems, stratification and corporate structures, and how these factors shape work in diverse or organizational and employment setting.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 160. Sociology of the Environment (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper or discussion — 1 hour. Prerequisite: upper-division standing in sociology strongly recommended.
Production, consumption, and urban expansion. Basic social logics surrounding current problems of resource scarcity (environmental extractions) and excess wastes (environmental additions). Ways that society can change and re-organize itself to become more environmentally conscious and hence ecologically sustainable.
GE credit: SocSci | ACGH, DD, SS, WC.

SOC 161. The Civil Justice System (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper. Prerequisite: course 155; upper-division standing. Pass One open to upper-division and graduate sociology and sociology organizational studies majors.
Empirical studies of the different aspects of the civil justice system in the United States and Global Society, including the litigation, juries, civil rights and international laws relating to trade, the environment and human rights.
— II. (II.)

Upper Division: SOC 170 – 199

SOC 170. Population (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper or research project.
Introduction to the study of human population, including theories and statistical measures; social causes and consequences of population trends; changes in population structure; geographical distribution, migration, socio-pyschological factors affecting fertility.
GE credit: SocSci | QL, SS.

SOC 171. Sociology of Violence and Inequality (4)

Lecture/discussion — 4 hours. Prerequisite: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.
How systems of social inequality organize the practice of violence. Definitions of violence and issues affecting the social capacity for violence. Analysis and comparison of different forms of violence associated with race, class, gender relations and social organization.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 172. Ideology of Class, Race and Gender (4)

Lecture — 4 hours.
Examination of popular belief systems that accompany relations between social classes, whites and blacks, and men and women in the United States. How do dominant groups attempt to justify each relationship, and is there ideological conflict or consensus between groups.
GE credit: SocSci, Div, Wrt | ACGH, DD, SS.

SOC 173. Sociology Through Literature (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper or research project.
Introduction to analysis of literature as sociological data. Reading of numerous works on American and other societies by authors such as Steinbeck, Lewis, Dreiser, Schulberg, Orwell, and others.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 174. American Jewish Identities and Communities (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper or discussion — 1 hour. Prerequisite: upper-division standing required.
Sociology of Jewish life, analyzing challenges to Jewish identity and community in the diaspora. Diversity within the Jewish community, Americanization, women, new immigrants, post-Holocaust Jewish identity, and LGBT Jews. Offered in alternate years.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 175. Mass Communication (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper. Prerequisite: course 1 or 2.
Examines the relationship between the media and social structures. History of media–state relations. Media as reflector and shaper of values. Emphasis on current European and Marxist and pluralist theories rather than on content analysis. Offered in alternate years.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 176. Sociology of Knowledge, Science and Scientific Knowledge (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper or discussion — 1 hour. Prerequisite: upper-division standing preferred.
Social, cultural, and historical dimensions of knowledge, especially scientific knowledge. Problems, methods and theory in sociology of scientific knowledge. Laboratory and historical case studies. Scientific and technical knowledge in institutional and organizational contexts. (Same course as Science and Technology Studies 176.)
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 180A. Complex Organizations (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper or research project. Prerequisite: course 1; Economics 1A and 1B recommended.
Develops a sociological approach to organizations theory. Designed to introduce sociological concepts, address the alternative psychological and economic models, and involve students in the practice of organizational analysis.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 180B. Complex Organizations (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper or research project. Prerequisite: course 180A or consent of instructor.
Builds on concepts and skills developed in course 180A. Deals with the issues of organizational decision making, design and survival. Emphasis on relations between organizations and the effects of those relations in both the public and private sectors.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 181. Social Change Organizations (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper. Prerequisite: course 1.
Analysis of organizations with social change and improvement goals and programs, emphasizing voluntary associations and grassroots citizen groups. Topics treated include formation, decision making and leadership, strategies and tactics, factionalism and coalitions, effectiveness. Offered in alternate years.
GE credit: SocSci, Wrt | SS.

SOC 182. Experimental and Utopian Communities (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour.
The social structure of intentional, experimental or Utopian settlements and communitarian movements, including comparison with other small settlement forms: villages, neighborhoods, monasteries, encampments and nonsettlement communities based on occupation, ethnicity and religion.

SOC 183. Comparative Organizations (4)

Lecture/discussion — 3 hours; term paper. Prerequisite: course 180A or 180B; upper-division standing.
Examination of the economic, cultural, and political organization of major industrial and developing nations. Discussions of patterns and practices, alternative theoretical models of explanation, and case studies of organizations. Societies may include Japan, Germany, Egypt, China and the U.S. Offered in alternate years.
GE credit: SocSci, ACGH, SS, WC.

SOC 185. Social Policy (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper or discussion — 1 hour; project.
Examination of social policies that affect the well-being of individuals, families, and groups, including such policies as old-age pensions, health insurance and aid to the poor. Students may not take both course 185 and 185Y for credit.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 185Y. Social Policy (Hybrid Version) (4)

Web Virtual Lecture — 1.5 hours; lecture — 1.5 hours; term paper or discussion — 1 hour. Pass One open to upper-division sociology and sociology-organization studies majors and sociology graduate students only.
Examination of social policies that affect the well-being of individuals, families and groups, including such policies as old-age pensions, health insurance, and aid to the poor. Students may not take both course 185 and 185Y for credit.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 188. Markets, Culture and Inequality in China (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; term paper. Prerequisite: upper-division standing. Pass One restricted to sociology (LSOR and LSOC) majors and sociology graduate students with upper-division standing.
Economic and political systems and patterns of social interaction and inequality in China. State and corporate structures and practices, market and consumer behaviors, social mobility and stratification, protest and resistance. Offered in alternate years.
GE credit: SocSci | SS, WC. – I.

SOC 189. Social Science Writing (4)

Lecture — 3 hours; discussion — 1 hour or term paper. Prerequisite: course 46A, upper-division standing, and 12 units of social science.
Improved analytic writing and methods for reporting social science research to a wider public. Sociological analysis of the conditions of good and bad writing.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 190X. Seminar in Sociological Analysis (4)

Seminar — 3 hours; term paper. Prerequisite: upper-division standing and course 100 (former course 165A).
In-depth examination at an upper-division level of a special topic in sociology. Emphasis on student participation in learning. May not be repeated for credit. Limited enrollment.

SOC 191. Workshop in Contemporary Sociological Theory (4)

Lecture — 2 hours; workshop — 1 hour; term paper. Prerequisite: SOC 100 (formerly SOC 165A) and senior standing.
Workshop in contemporary sociological theory that allows students to explore the uses of theory in empirical inquiry on problems of interest to students. Contemporary theory considered in relation to classical and modern influences, concept formation, theory construction, and explanation. Not open for credit to students who have received credit for course 165B.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 192. Internship and Research Practicum (2–6)

Internship — 6-18 hours. Prerequisite: course 46A; upper-division standing, approval of proposed internship and consent of instructor.
Supervised internship and study in an agency, organization or institution; application of sociological concepts to the work experience. Provides students with the opportunity to earn academic credit for their internship experience. Course credit isdeveloped in consultation with a faculty member. Maximum of 4 units may be counted toward the major. May be repeated for credit with consent of instructor.
(P/NP grading only.)

SOC 193. Workshop in Field Research (2)

Lecture/discussion — 2 hours. Prerequisite: SOC 46A, SOC 192 or SOC 199 concurrently for two-four units, senior standing.
Overview of the process of collecting, recording, analyzing, and reporting qualitative social data. Emphasis on application of principles; each participant completes an original research project. Not open for credit to students who have completed SOC 194HA.
GE credit: SocSci | SS, WE.

SOC 194H. Special Study for Honors Students (1–5)

Prerequisite: senior standing and admission to the Honors Program.
Independent study of a sociological problem involving the writing of an honors thesis.
(P/NP grading only; deferred grading only, pending completion of sequence.) May be repeated up to eight units for credit. GE credit: WE. — I, II. (I, II.)

SOC 194HB. Special Study for Honors Students (4)

Seminar — 3 hours; term paper. Prerequisite: senior standing and admission to the Honors Program.
Directed reading, research and writing culminating in the preparation of a senior honors thesis under direction of faculty advisor.
(Deferred grading only pending completion of sequence.) GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 195. Special Topics in Sociological Analysis (4)

Seminar — 3 hours; term paper. Prerequisite: upper-division standing and consent of instructor.
In-depth examination of topics in sociology. Emphasis on student research and writing. May be repeated for credit when topic differs.
GE credit: SocSci | SS.

SOC 197T. Tutoring in Sociology (1-4)

Tutorial — 3-12 hours. Prerequisite: upper-division standing; completion of appropriate course with distinction.
Provides a student who has completed a sociology course with distinction to serve as a faculty assistant in that course the next time it is taught. Activities vary depending on the nature of the course assignment. May include (but not limited to) tutoring on course material, advising on projects and papers, and leading discussion groups.
(P/NP grading only.)

SOC 198. Directed Group Study (1–5)

Prerequisite: consent of instructor.
Courses are set up on a one-time basis for a group of students in a subject for which no regular courses have been established.
(P/NP grading only.)

SOC 199. Special Study for Advanced Undergraduates (1–5)

Prerequisite: open to seniors only.
Provides a student with the opportunity to do special projects, research, or assignments under the supervision of a sociology professor. Individual study projects are developed in consultation with a faculty member.
(P/NP grading only.)