You are here: Home / People / Bill McCarthy / Publications / The Enduring Significance of Racism: Discrimination and Delinquency Among Black American Youth

Monica J Martin, Bill McCarthy, Rand D Conger, Frederick X Gibbons, Ronald L Simons, Carolyn E Cutrona, and Gene H Brody (2011)

The Enduring Significance of Racism: Discrimination and Delinquency Among Black American Youth

Journal of Research on Adolescence, 21(3):662--676.

Prominent explanations of the overrepresentation of Black Americans in criminal justice statistics focus on the effects of neighborhood concentrated disadvantage, racial isolation, and social disorganization. We suggest that perceived personal discrimination is an important but frequently neglected complement to these factors. We test this hypothesis with longitudinal data on involvement in general and violent juvenile delinquency in a sample of Black youth from a variety of communities in 2 states. We examine the direct effects of concentrated disadvantage and racial isolation and the direct and mediating effects of social organization, support for violence, and personal discrimination. Consistent with our hypothesis, perceived personal discrimination has notable direct effects on both general and violent delinquency and is an important mediator between neighborhood structural conditions and offending; moreover, its effects exceed those associated with neighborhood conditions. Adapted from the source document.

*Youth, *Violence, *Discrimination, *Criminal Justice, *Juvenile Delinquency, *Black Americans, *Racism, *Neighborhoods, article, 1939: the family and socialization; adolescence & youth, *Social Disorganization
SubjectsTermNotLitGenreText - *Discrimination; *Neighborhoods; *Racism; *Black Americans; *Youth; *Social Disorganization; *Criminal Justice; *Juvenile Delinquency; *Violence

Document Actions

You are Here
Sociology

1283 Social Sciences & 
Humanities 
University of California, 
Davis 
One Shields Avenue 
Davis, CA 95616

(530) 752-0782 phone
(530) 752-0783 fax

Map and Additional Contact Information

Make a Gift

Giving matters at UC Davis. For more than a century, donors have been helping the university address the issues that matter most to California, the nation and the world.  The Department of Sociology is dedicated to achieving excellence. Your gift can help.

Make a gift