You are here: Home / People / Bill McCarthy / Publications / Gender, Delinquency, and the Great Depression: A Test of Power-Control Theory

Bill McCarthy and John Hagan (1987)

Gender, Delinquency, and the Great Depression: A Test of Power-Control Theory

La Revue Canadienne de Sociologie et d'Anthropologie/The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology, 24(2):153--177.

Variation in the gender-delinquency relationship before, during, & after the Great Depression is examined, using data from Toronto (Ontario) court reports from 1924 through 1938. Possible explanations of observed changes in this relationship drawn from power-control theory & other theoretical perspectives are tested. A consistent decrease in the M delinquency rates during the Depression is found, supporting the prediction of power-control theory that Ms more than Fs were affected by the reintroduction of the father into the domestic sphere due to unemployment. Disaggregation of the deliquency data according to national origin, legislative changes, referral practices, & changes in social services fails to explain the changes in the gender-deliquency relationship, further supporting power-control theory. Analysis of the distribution of delinquency by age & type of offense suggests that younger adolescents & certain behaviors were more affected by parental control than others, which indicates support for a revised power-control theory. 5 Tables, 58 References. Modified HA

gender-delinquency relationship, Great Depression era, Toronto, Ontario, court reports, 1924-1938, *Toronto, Ontario, *Sex Differences, *Juvenile Delinquency, *Depression (Economics), article, 2983: feminist/gender studies; sociology of gender & gender relations, 2151: social problems and social welfare; juvenile delinquency
SubjectsTermNotLitGenreText - *Toronto, Ontario; *Juvenile Delinquency; *Sex Differences; *Depression (Economics)

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