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Bill McCarthy (1996)

The Attitudes and Actions of Others: Tutelage and Sutherland's Theory of Differential Association

British Journal of Criminology, 36(1):135--147.

Contemporary studies of Edwin Sutherland's differential association theory (1937) argue that people learn about crime predominantly or exclusively through exposure to attitudes & motives that legitimize such behaviors. It is suggested that Sutherland's writings demonstrate an equal concern with more direct exposure to crime, ie, with tutelage in criminal methods. This interpretation is tested with models of drug selling & theft among a sample of homeless youths (N = 390) in Toronto, Ontario (1987/88). Data were obtained via an anonymous self-report survey. In both cases, models that include deviant associations, attitudes, & desires improve with the addition of a measure of tutelage. Disregarding the role of tutelage may, therefore, misspecify the differential association process & encourage misinterpretations of findings that correspond with Sutherland's theory. 2 Tables, 37 References. Adapted from the source document.

crime attitudes/behaviors, tutelage role, survey data, homeless youth, Toronto, Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Sutherland, Edwin Hardin, *Social Learning, *Drug Trafficking, Criminology, *Deviant Behavior, *Larceny, *Juvenile Delinquency, Adolescents, *Homelessness, article, 2147: social problems and social welfare; sociology of crime
SubjectsTermNotLitGenreText - *Deviant Behavior; *Juvenile Delinquency; *Drug Trafficking; *Larceny; *Homelessness; *Social Learning; Sutherland, Edwin Hardin; Toronto, Ontario; Criminology; Adolescents

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