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Bill McCarthy (2004)

Money Changes Everything: The Personal Income of Adolescents and Their Tendency toward Delinquency

Criminologie, 37(2):123--149.

Consumer capitalism dominates western society & most North American youth recognize the centrality of consumption & the resources it requires. As expected, many of them complain that they do not have the financial resources a contemporary teenage lifestyle requires. A shortage of funds may therefore increase the attractiveness of crimes that provide a financial return. Several theories of offending suggest that crime should decrease as adolescents' financial resources increase; yet, other approaches argue that money should have the opposite effect & predict that crime will increase with income. A third perspective maintains that economic resources have no effect on juvenile crime. We argue that economic capital plays an important role in crimes that provide a financial return, & that other factors condition this relationship. We also maintain that measurement issues compromise previous analyses of the effect of adolescent resources on offending. Our research indicates that a logged measure of adolescent resources (income & allowance) is negatively associated with involvement in theft & that gender & class condition this relationship: increases in economic resources appear to have the greatest consequences for offending among males & youth from the unemployed class. These findings suggest that financial resources play an important role in the genesis of crime, particularly among those groups that are most vulnerable to offending. 5 Tables, 54 References. Adapted from the source document.

*Employment, *Income, *Sociodemographic Factors, *Juvenile Offenders, *Larceny, *Consumerism, article, 2151: social problems and social welfare; juvenile delinquency
Wright, J P; Cullen, F T; Agnew, R S; Brezina, T. ``The root of all evil''? An exploratory study of money and delinquent involvement. JUSTICE QUARTERLY, 18. 2 (2001): 239-268. ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD

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