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Current Projects

Current Projects

My research focuses on the impacts of two of the most profound events of our times--market transition and globalization--on gender inequalities (both in the labor market and within the family), subjective sense of well-being, and gender, family, marriage and sexual attitudes.  My analysis is both country specific (China) and cross-national.

Circuits of Communication and Gender Ideologies in the Age of Globalization: International Telecommunication Networks and Gender Attitudes across Countries (with George Barnett and Bob Faris)

Scholars have posed different hypotheses on the impact of global telecommunications on value orientations. Some argue that it will lead to a global convergence towards Western values, while others envision that both global influences and local adaptations will jointly form a hybridization or fusion of ideas and perspectives.  We analyze and characterize the global telecommunication network, and test a series of hypotheses on the relationship between location in this network and value convergence/divergence among nations. We test if the influences of the West, with high centrality in the global telecommunication networks, reach other countries throughout a global network or countries are embedded in a “localized” information diffusion network that are likely to share similar value orientations and mutually reinforce each other’s beliefs. We use data at two levels: between‐country telecommunications network data and individual‐level data (N = 70,000) from the World Value Survey.

Mapping Gender Ideologies Globally: Gender Attitudes in 47 Countries.

I analyzes cross-national variations in gender attitudes in 47 countries--beliefs about hierarchical gender equality and perspectives on horizontal separate spheres.  Using data from the World Value Survey of more than 70,000 individuals and a series of multilevel models, I map gender ideologies globally.  To unravel the influences of country characteristics, I examine three explanatory variables: national maternity leave policies and proportion of female chief wage earners, level of economic development and proportion of female primary wage earners.

Cohort Size, Historical Times and Life Chances: The Misfortune of Children of China's Cultural Revolution.

I examine the impact of dual societal transformations on individual life chances in China--the population explosion in 1949-1971 and the Cultural Revolution in 1966-1976.   I estimate the effects of cohort size and coming of age during the Cultural Revolution on individuals’ socioeconomic status and subjective evaluation of life.  I use a series of cross-classified age-period-cohort models to analyze national data of almost 12,000 individual from the 2003 and 2005 China General Social Surveys.

Projects with Graduate Students:

Kelsey Meagher:

We investigate variations in gender attitudes in 50 U.S. states in 1972-2010 by analyzing state-level influences including public policies, political and social environments, as well as how these macro-level influences impact age-cohort-period effects.  We use individual-level data from the GSS and state level data compiled from various sources.

Ali Chaudhary:

We study why there remains a persistent gender gap in self-employment in the U.S. across immigrant generations by analyzing influences of race, immigrant generation, and metropolitan context.  We use individual and metropolitan data from the IPUMS.


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