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Xiaoling Shu and Yanjie Bian (2002)

Intercity Variation in Gender Inequalities in China: Analysis of a 1995 National Survey

Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 19:269--309.

Recent research portrays a mixed picture of the impact of post-1978 economic reforms on gender inequality in the People's Republic of China. We analyze data from a 1995 national survey of urban China (10,967 individuals in 55 cities) & city-level data compiled from Chinese statistical yearbooks to show inter-city co-variations between an index of marketization & a set of indicators of gender inequality in the labor markets. Our analysis shows gender gaps in human capital, political capital, labor market placement, & work earnings. Most of these gender inequalities remain constant across cities of varying degrees of product, labor, & capital marketization. To the extent that the amount of gender inequality is correlated with marketization, this association is a nonmonotonic one, indicating a nonlinear, accumulative marketization process. Major changes have taken place in the most marketized cities, where the gender disparity in affiliation with the state sector has diminished & gender-based occupational segregation has been on the rise. 6 Tables, 2 Figures, 1 Appendix, 47 References. Adapted from the source document.

*Sexual Inequality, *Urban Areas, *Economic Development, *Labor Market, *Policy Reform, *Peoples Republic of China, *Economic Policy, article, 0621: complex organization; jobs, work organization, workplaces, & unions, 1019: social differentiation; social stratification/mobility
SubjectsTermNotLitGenreText - *Sexual Inequality; *Economic Policy; *Policy Reform; *Peoples Republic of China; *Economic Development; *Urban Areas; *Labor Market

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