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Xiaoling Shu and Yanjie Bian (2003)

Market Transition and Gender Gap in Earnings in Urban China

Social Forces, 81(4):1107--1145.

We examine the relationship between market transition & gender gap in earnings in urban People's Republic of China. We analyze change in the gender gap in human capital, political capital, labor-force placement, & family structure; change in the amount of monetary return to these determinants; & the changing significance of these sources of influence. Analysis of two national samples from the 1988 & 1995 Chinese Household Income Project & city-level data for 1995 reveals neither longitudinal change nor city-level variation in the gender gap in earnings. Despite this stability, the proportion of the gender gap in earnings attributable to education & occupational segregation increased over time. This change was disproportional, occurring largely only in the most marketized cities. In these highly marketized cities, the significance of market-related mechanisms -- education, occupation, & industry-placement -- increased, while the contribution of redistribution-related mechanisms -- affiliation with the state sector, party membership, & seniority -- decreased. These changes indicate that the Chinese market transition is a nonlinear, cumulative process. 7 Tables, 84 References. Adapted from the source document.

*Sexual Inequality, *Income Inequality, *Occupational Segregation, *Occupational Structure, *Economic Change, *Labor Market, *Cities, *Peoples Republic of China, *Market Economy, article, 1019: social differentiation; social stratification/mobility
SubjectsTermNotLitGenreText - *Market Economy; *Occupational Structure; *Peoples Republic of China; *Income Inequality; *Cities; *Sexual Inequality; *Labor Market; *Occupational Segregation; *Economic Change

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