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Xiaoling Shu (2004)

Education and Gender Egalitarianism: The Case of China

Sociology of Education, 77(4):311--336.

This study examined Chinese attitudes toward women's careers, marriage rights, sexual freedom, & the importance of having sons using a 1991 national sample of individuals & community-level data & through a series of nested multilevel models. Education influences gender attitudes in multiple ways at both the micro- & macrolevels. Better-educated individuals hold more egalitarian gender attitudes, & this positive effect of individual education is larger for women than for men, indicating a strong empowerment effect for women. Egalitarian gender attitudes trickle down through education, as individuals in communities with high education are socialized toward more egalitarian attitudes. Community education has a larger effect toward the egalitarian direction on the attitude toward the importance of having sons than on the attitude toward women's marriage rights, indicating that change in the latter attitude occurred earlier & has now spread via education. These findings show that education is a vehicle of socialization that is used by both the domestic power elite (the Communist Party) & the Western culture. 3 Tables, 1 Appendix, 98 References. Adapted from the source document.

*Educational Attainment, *Womens Roles, *Egalitarianism, *Sex Role Attitudes, *Peoples Republic of China, *Socialization, article, 2983: feminist/gender studies; sociology of gender & gender relations, 1432: sociology of education; sociology of education
Zhou, X; Tuma, N B; Moen, P. Institutional change and job-shift patterns in urban China, 1949 to 1994 [Changement institutionnel et modèle du changement professionnel dans la Chine urbaine, 1949 à 1994] American sociological review, 62. 3 (1997): 339-365. American Sociological Association

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