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Xiaoling Shu (2005)

Market Transition and Gender Segregation in Urban China

Social Science Quarterly, 86 (supplement:1299--1323.

Objectives. This article analyzes the impact of the new form of economic segmentation, which emerged in urban China during the market transition, on gender segregation & earnings differentials. Methods. I compare both over-time & across-city change in gender segregation, & use a series of multi-level cross-classified models based on data at three levels: a 1995 national sample of individual workers, industry-sector data for 1990 & 1995, & city-level data for 1995. Results. Gender segregation by ownership sector has declined over time now that the state sector has become differentiated & its relative economic advantages wanes. Both earnings differentiation & gender segregation among industries have increased with marketization. In the most marketized cities, the earnings of workers of both sexes in jobs with high rates of female entry are penalized, indicating that marketization exacerbated the negative effect of job feminization on earnings. Conclusions. These findings lend support for the ``queuing'' perspective that a decline in jobs' relative wages leads to feminization. The making of the Chinese market economy has created a new set of institutional arrangements, which includes that between job feminization & wages. Tables, Figures, References. Adapted from the source document.

*Working Women, *Employment Discrimination, *Peoples Republic of China, *Market Economy, article, 0715: social change and economic development; social change & economic development, 0621: complex organization; jobs, work organization, workplaces, & unions
Zhou, X; Tuma, N B; Moen, P. Institutional change and job-shift patterns in urban China, 1949 to 1994 [Changement institutionnel et modèle du changement professionnel dans la Chine urbaine, 1949 à 1994] American sociological review, 62. 3 (1997): 339-365. American Sociological Association

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