Bill McCarthy and colleagues' paper on violent victimization and crime published in Violence and Victims
Frederick, Tyler, Bill McCarthy, and John Hagan. “Perceived Danger and Offending: Exploring the Links between Violent Victimization and Street Crime.” Violence and Victims 28(1):16-35.
Perceptions of the danger of crime are typically discussed in the context of people’s fear that they will be harmed by offenders. In this paper we shift the focus and examine the association between perceived danger and offending, and the contribution of these perceptions to the well-established relationship between violent victimization and crime. We hypothesize that violence may embolden some victims and contribute to their perception that offending is not dangerous. We examine the mediating effects of these perceptions alongside two other potential links between violent victimization and crime: deviant definitions and risk-seeking. Our analyses of data from a sample of homeless youth finds that violent victimization is strongly associated with four types of offending—theft, drug use, drug selling, and prostitution—and that perceived danger significantly mediates several of these relationships. Our results suggest that perceived danger may be an important mechanism connecting victimization and crime.